Giovanni de' Medici, Lorenzo il Magnifico's son, was elected Pope in 1513. Only two years later he officially entered in Piazza Signoria acclaimed by Florentine population: the Pope caught the opportunity to celebrate his family who came back at the power of the city after the Republican period.
In less than a month the main artists of Florence sculpted new statues and the city was completely decorated to feast his arrival.
Giorgio Vasari and Giovanni Stradano painted the "Arrival of the Pope In Florence" between 1555-1562. It is now preserved inside Palazzo Vecchio, in a room entitled to Leo X that completely tells us about his life.
Don't you notice something is missing in the painting? I am speaking about the Uffizi, the first museum to be opened to the public in 1581!! They still didn't exist in 1555; In fact the duke Cosimo I commissioned the edification only in 1560.
Have a look now at the "Loggia dei Priori" in the background: the statue on the right is Donatello's "Judith and Holofernes" before its movement on the left of the actual main entrance of the palace. At his place today is the "Rape of the Sabine" by Giambologna commissioned only in 1583 by Francesco I. Palazzo Vecchio hides many treasures, come with us to discover them!