08 Luglio 2017 · 2096 Views

What is a "Cassone Nuziale"?

What is a "Cassone Nuziale"?
PRIVATE GUIDED TOURS IN FLORENCE

A Cassone is a Renaissance wedding chest. They usually were commissioned in pairs and filled with the dowry of the future wife. In patrician families the dowry consisted in a good collection of house hold linens and cloths. The "cassoni" were decorated with the two family crests and with mythological or holy scene as a wish of fertility: in fact the inner decoration, usually depicts nudes or triumphs. 
The wedding chests had two main functions: 
1.To show the richness of the families through a procession that started from the house of the future wife to finish in front of the one of the future husband. The cassone was moved in this occasion from one house to the other.
2. At its arrival, the furniture was positioned in the bedroom and it became a bench.
In the
Accademia gallery, you can observe part of a wedding chest (or probably a wooden wall decoration) decorated in 1450.by "Lo Scheggia", Masaccio's brother. The cassone - the most famous in Florence - is called "Cassone Adimari", because it portrays the marriage between an Adimari and a Ricasoli member. The scene takes place in front of the Baptistery, the Romanesque building in the background, in Corso Adimari where the aristocratic family had its properties. As you can notice, the representation still refers to a Gothic style because people are depicted according to their importance. This is why under the porch on the left servants are smaller than the guests on the right, even if both of them are situated in the foreground of the scene. In the centre of the scene it is visible one of the XII century doors of the Florentine city walls called "Porta di Balla" that today doesn't exist anymore.
You can find other wedding chests in the
Bargello museum, in Palazzo Davanzati, in the Bardini and in the Horne museum.
In the Horne museum there are two important panels, part of two old wedding chests visible in the photos below.

 

Filippino Lippi (Botticelli's pupil) 1475, "The queen Vasti is leaving the royal palace";
Domenico Beccafumi 1520 "Deucalione and Pirra" from the Metamorphosis by Ovidio: it underlines the role of the couple to originate a new ancestry.
 "Cassone Adimari", Accademia gallery

Art


Johann Zoffany painted the Tribune of the Uffizi Gallery


If you want to know the paintings and the statues situated in the XVIII century inside the Tribune look at the painting below!

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Michelangelo and his friend Lorenzo il Magnifico


Christ is represented here as a young man! Probably Michelangelo was inspired by an accidentally dissection he made of a body of an aristocratic child....

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Judith and Holofernes


In the Uffizi Gallery and in Palazzo Pitti but you can find others in different Italian cities. The victory of a woman over injustice and violence she...

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Stefano Bardini, the "prince of the Antiques Dealers"


Bardini was a promoter of the Renaissance myth in fact he contributed to the re-discovery of Florentine art.

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